30 March 2020
We understand that many in our community may be considered most vulnerable to contracting COVID-19 due to your age, pre-existing health conditions, if you have metastatic breast cancer, are undergoing treatment or have recently completed treatment for breast cancer or other cancers.
It is important to keep informed about the COVID-19 situation as it continues to change, especially for those who have compromised immunity.
If you are currently in active treatment and concerned about symptoms you should phone your treating doctor or health team, or GP immediately for advice.
If you have finished treatment, you should follow the advice being directed at the general public.
For those undergoing cancer treatments and who may have compromised immune systems below is some information which is designed only as a guide. If you have health concerns or are experiencing symptoms (see below), contact your treatment team immediately. The situation is changing quickly, and you should monitor appropriate information sources, listed below, for the most up to date advice.
As coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to spread, our thoughts go out to anyone who has been impacted. We hope that everyone is safe and well and taking the necessary precautions and following the relevant guidelines to help minimise the spread of the virus.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
Symptoms can range
from mild illnesses to pneumonia. Many people will recover easily, however
those with compromised immune systems may get sick very quickly. People with
COVID-19 may experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, coughing, sore throat,
fatigue and shortness of breath.
It’s important to
note that some of these symptoms are also side-effects of some cancer
treatment. During active treatment, fever or the combination of cough with
fever, or cough with difficulty breathing require urgent medical attention.
You should cover
all coughs and sneezes with your elbow and tissues and avoid others if you are
sick. You should also avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
If you have serious symptoms such as difficulty breathing, call 111 for help.
Who is at risk of getting COVID-19?
Everyone is at risk of getting COVID-19 but it will impact everyone differently. Those with compromised immune systems or pre-existing medical conditions, including cancer, may be at increased risk of contracting COVID-19 and may have an increased risk of developing a more severe infection.
However, a past
history of early stage breast cancer is not thought to be associated with worse
outcomes in itself, unless your doctor has told you otherwise.
Those of a more advanced age, people with other health conditions such as heart disease or diabetes, or those with respiratory illnesses are also at a higher risk of developing a more severe infection. The measures being put in place throughout the world aim to help protect these more vulnerable members of society.
What should I do if I am exposed to a confirmed COVID-19 case?
If you are exposed
to a confirmed COVID-19 case, contact your GP, treatment team or treating
doctor immediately for advice. Always try to do this over-the-phone and not in
person to reduce the risk of exposing others.
You can also call Healthline (for free) on 0800 358 5453
What should I do to protect myself from COVID-19 if I am undergoing treatment?
If you are
undergoing cancer treatment, or have a compromised immunity, you may want to
take extra precautionary steps to reduce the chance of contracting COVID-19.
washing your hands with soap and water more frequently and for at least 20
seconds, using alcohol-based sanitiser, avoiding touching your face, social
distancing, cleaning and disinfecting surfaces. Wearing a facemask has not been
shown to protect asymptomatic people (non-healthcare workers) from becoming
infected with COVID-19.
Discuss with your
treating team regarding timing of a flu shot as getting the flu and COVID-19 at
the same time can make you very ill.
Also you should ensure you have enough prescription and over-the-counter medications, try to keep space between yourself and others, limit your exposure to groups of people, when in public avoid crowds, wash your hands often and avoid any unnecessary travel.
Do any of my treatments increase my risk of contracting COVID-19?
Cancer treatments that compromise the immune system can make you more vulnerable to infection and therefore increase your risk of COVID-19. Treatments can include chemotherapy, CDK4/6 inhibitors, and surgery.
Radiotherapy is less likely to affect your immune system, but you may find your Radiation Oncology team will look at rescheduling treatments to limit your exposure to others.
Hormone blocking treatments such as tamoxifen, goserelin, letrozole, anastrozole and exemestane are not known to reduce the immune system, therefore people on these treatments for early stage breast cancer are not considered to be at increased risk.
Your doctor and treatment team have your health in their best interests and will be aware of these risks. Follow their advice and speak with them about any concerns you may have.
Does COVID-19 affect my participation in a clinical trial?
At present, the Waikato Breast Cancer Research Trust clinical trials will adapt to take into account the current situation. Some changes may be required, such as the use of telehealth for certain trial activities, if possible. If you have any questions or concerns regarding your clinical trial participation, contact your clinical trials nurse or treating doctor.
Will the Waikato Breast Cancer Research Trust be continuing clinical trials?
Waikato Breast Cancer Research Trust research nurses will be closely monitoring and adapt to the situation to ensure that our trials run as smoothly as possible during this time. Our priority is the safety of patients, and appropriate measures will be put in place to minimise risks to trial participants.
What should my family and friends do to help avoid the spread of COVID-19?
Your family and friends should follow the government guidelines about reducing the spread of COVID-19 which can be found here.
If they are
experiencing any symptoms or have come into contact with a confirmed COVID-19
case, you should avoid any contact with them, and they should isolate
themselves according to the guidelines.
If possible, they should also consider getting the flu shot to avoid sharing the flu to you, while you have a compromised immune system.
What should I do if I am feeling stressed or anxious about COVID-19?
It appears as
though COVID-19 is being spoken about everywhere at the moment: in the news, by
friends and family, and on social media.
It is important that you monitor the most correct and up-to-date information sources regarding COVID-19. Do not rely on social media as your only form of information. You should get your information from the Ministry of Health New Zealand and the government’s COVID-19 website
Breast Cancer Foundation NZ telephone helpline is operating. This helpline is staffed by breast cancer nurses. It may help to speak with a health care professional about your health concerns. You can call them on 0800 2268 773 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
If you are feeling
anxious, have questions or need support, you can contact the Cancer Society
information service helpline on 0800 266 237. Their professional team can help
to provide emotional support as well as practical tips for minimising the risk
of infection during this time.
If you have a
treating counsellor, psychologist or onco-psychologist, it may also be helpful
to schedule a phone appointment with them to discuss your anxieties and
This information has been adapted from Breast Cancer Trials ANZ and reviewed by Breast Cancer Trials Medical Advisor on 24/03/20. It is meant as a guide only. If you have concerns regarding your health, contact your treating physician or treatment team.
For more information
For COVID-19 health advice and information, contact the Healthline team on 0800 358 5453 or +64 9 358 5453 for international SIMS.
Useful COVID-19 information links
Government updates on COVID-19 in New Zealand
Ministry of Health New Zealand
World Health Organisation